Saturday, 1 September 2018

Regenerative Landscape Design - 5 ha Polyculture Farm Design - Suhi Dol Revisited

In the summer of 2018  Dylan and I set off on a road trip to discover the flora and fauna of the North East of Bulgaria. Our first stop was to Catherine Zanev 's  Permaculture Farm Venets in Todorovo, North Bulgaria. As those of you familiar with our project may recall, this was a farm I designed in 2013. I had not visited the place for some time and was very excited to see how the plans had emerged into reality.    


Catherine's goals for the plot were to create a polyculture farm with focus on producing fruit for juicing, to include vegetable production for a CSA (Community Supported Agriculture) scheme and to experiment with dye plants. The design was complete by 2015 and implementation began that year.    

The 5 ha polyculture plot Suhi Dol on the right, locally practiced intensive monoculture farming on the left  

The design concept for Suhi Dol was to create an agroforestry system of "Belts" that are comprised of mixed species fruit trees, soft fruits and nitrogen fixing shrubs planted in "Rows" under-storied with support plants, herbs and perennial vegetables. Between the rows are the "Alleys". The Alleys have potential to be used for growing hay, cereals, vegetables, herbs or rearing pasture raised poultry such as chickens or turkeys. Integrated throughout the belts and around the perimeter are various beneficial habitats to enhance biodiversity. The designed system is an elaboration of Alley Cropping and is based on tried and tested models of our small scale forest garden systems scaled up. 


Here is an illustration of the belt layout 




This is the overall site design from 2013 



Here are Catherine and her husband Adjmal in the middle of a belt sown with corn in the alleys, shrub rows of aronia and currants, and mixed fruit trees apple, plum, cherry and quince in the tree rows either side of them.  




The Plants 


The site is developing very well, the trees and shrubs are starting to produce fruits and a diversity of  vegetation has established in and around the alleys. 


This is a patch of dye plants (not sure of the species) that Catherine has been experimenting with in one of the alleys.


A quick intermission just to let you know we've revamped our Online Store where you can find Forest Garden/ Permaculture Plants, Seeds, Cuttings, Bulbs, Rhizomes and Polyculture Multi-packs along with digital goods and services such as Online Courses, Webinars, eBooks, and Online Consultancy and finally we've added a Bulk Fruit and Nut Tree order form for Farms, Orchards, Nurseries, and Large Regenerative Landscape Projects. If there is anything in the store you would like to see but is not there, please let us know. We hope you enjoy the store and find something you like :) It's your purchases that keep our Project going. Thank you. Enter Our Store Here

Plants, Seeds, eBooks, Consultancy, Bulk Fruit and Nut Tree Orders for Permaculture, Polyculture, Forest Gardens and Regenerative Landscapes.

Catherine has also included Maize - Zea mays along with dye plant experiments in the alleys. Here you can see strips of Sulphur Cosmos - Cosmos sulphureus and annual that produces an orange-yellow dye, used in pre-Columbian America and later in southern Africa to dye wool, alongside Zea mays - Corn 


The fodder corn is growing well.


The Sulphur Cosmos - Cosmos sulphureus strip was full of Honey Bees - Apis mellifera


The  Aronia melanocarpa - Black Chokeberry and Chaenomeles speciosa - Jap. Quince in the shrubs row settled in very well and are producing good quantities of fruits.


Here you can see the polyculture tree rows with local native support plants in between. Catherine is growing more support plants for the inter row sections in a nursery garden in the village. 


The support species for the inter rows include 



A beneficial habitat feature such as a tyre pond, rock pile or early pollenizer polyculture is located in each belt. Here you can see a rock pile. Amphibians and reptiles such as toads, frogs, lizards, slow worms and snakes will benefit from rock piles providing shelter and basking areas. Dylan a keen "herper" who was with me during the visit mentioned that dark rocks would be preferred by the reptiles when basking as they provide better camouflage from predators such as eagles flying above.     


Apples are looking great 


Quince doing marvellously  



Irrigation and Ponds 


The middle pond was installed in the spring of 2017. The pond was located in an area to maximize the rainwater runoff collection and filled well this year. This summer the water has been pumped out to irrigate the establishing trees and shrubs via a drip irrigation system. This is a temporary measure until the upper reservoir and barn water catchment is complete. The plan is to integrate a range of aquatic plants into this pond and use it as back up for irrigation when needed.   You can find out more about this pond installation in our previous post - Small Pond Installations for Irrigation and Wildlife - Part 1


The Farm Building 


Catherine included a polycarbonate section of the farm barn roof, the plan being to cover the sides of this section with greenhouse plastic for use as a greenhouse which is an excellent idea. The farm barn roof will also serve as a rainwater catchment and should harvest approx. 121 m3 = 121000 L of rainwater each year that will drain into the upper reservoir to the east of the building.



The Nursery Garden 


Their house garden in the village is serving as a nursery for the dye plants and support plants for the farm as well as vegetable production and a processing hub. 


Catherine has been using Grease Wool (Wool as it is shorn from the sheep, before any processing) to mulch the nursery plants and vegetables in the garden. It's working very well and forms a dense weed suppressing mat permeable to both water and air and adds to the soil fertility over time as it decomposes.


Bunias orientalis - Turkish Rocket growing in the nursery garden.


It is such a great pleasure to see all of those thoughts during the design phase come to life on the ground and to witness the pioneering spirit of Catherine working through all of the obstacles to make it happen. You can follow what's going on at the farm from their website and facebook 

I continue to work with Catherine on her other sites in the region and I'm looking forward to returning to Bostan Bair this week where we are looking to expand on the implementation of an 80 ha concept design myself and Georgi Pavlov worked on in 2015

Regenerative Landscape Design - Bostan Bair - Illustration by Georgi Pavlov

If you would like to learn how to design regenerative landscape that can produce food and other resources while enhancing biodiversity take a look at our brand spanking new Online Learning Platform and join us for our very first Regenerative Landscape Design Online Course this spring where we will be learning How to Design, Build and Manage Polycultures for Landscapes, Gardens, and Farms. There are still a few places left on our first 10 people to register promo. So register soon for a 20% discount. 

If you would rather learn in the field we have courses running throughout the year and a 1-6 month internships running from 1st April - 30th Sep 2020 

Regenerative Landscape Design - OnlineInteractive Course - How to Design, Build and Manage Polycultures for Landscapes, Gardens, and Farms

  

Upcoming Forest Garden Courses 


If you would like to create a forest garden and gain some practical hands-on experience come and join us for our Design and Build a Forest Garden Course. We'll be covering site surveying, landscape design software, installing access, beds, irrigation channels, planting tree, shrub, herb and ground layers, and wildlife ponds. All in 3 days! And plenty of follow up material to take away with you to digest slowly.

Design and Build - Forest Garden Course  - Regenerative Landscape Design Course

Registration for our course is now open with a 15% discount on accommodation and food fees when you register as a group (2 or more). You can also take advantage of early booking discounts if you book 3 months before the course starts.


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Our project grows with our desire to provide better quality information. Our overheads and demands on our time also grow along with our development and this presents a challenge for us to maintain the project and activities. We do not receive any government, institutional or NGO funding for our project and rely on revenue from sales of our courses, plants, consultancy, and design work along with the support of our amazing volunteers to develop and manage the gardens and are very grateful for this. So please consider joining us for a course or event, purchasing products and services from our online store or plants from our bio nursery, participating in our online educational platforms and support the project while we support you. Feeling super generous today? You can also support us directly with a one-time donation or become a sponsor of our project providing monthly support. With your support, we will continue to improve on producing quality information and data for the community, building a world-class demonstration landscape and progress on our mission to develop and promote practices that can produce food and other resources for humans while enhancing biodiversity.

 

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