Sunday, 22 April 2018

Sowing seeds, planting out and open day - Week 3 - The Polyculture Project

We've had a productive week in the gardens planting out more of the biomass beds, sowing the bulk of the market garden crops and tidying up the forest gardens for our open day at the weekend.

Garden Plants - left - Right  Tulipa sp. - Lunaria rediviva - Akebia quinata - Caragana arborescens 

Planting in Ataraxia -  Perennial polyculture Trial Garden 

This week in the garden we continued to plant out the biomass trial beds as well as the windbreak and pond embankment. For more info on our polyculture trials see our webpage here.

Biomass Plantings

C4 perennial grass Miscanthus x giganteus - Giant Miscanthus were planted into the trial bed. These plants grow well on marginal land having very low nutritional requirements and growing very fast. These attributes may make this plant an excellent "grow your own" mulch option. We'll see.....

Young  Miscanthus x giganteus - Giant Miscanthus  plant grown from a rhizome

We are also growing Morus alba cultivars that have been bred for the silk worm industry where fast growth and large leaves are the desirable attributes.  The leaves are reported to be 22 cm x 17 cm and under rain fed conditions with planting distance 3 m x 1 m,  16,000 kg/ha of biomass has been recorded.

Morus alba - 'Kokuso 27' 

Victoria planting out Alnus cordata  - Italian Alder into the biomass beds. Like other members of Alnus genus, the plants associate with a group of nitrogen fixing bacteria called Frankia that are able to fix nitrogen from the air.

You can see the colonies of Frankia sp. nitrogen fixing bacteria forming on the roots of the Alnus cordata  - Italian Alder  trees.

Pond Embankment Plantings

Last year we installed an irrigation pond in the perennial polyculture trial garden. You can read more about our pond installation process in a series of posts here and below is photo taken shortly after the pond was installed.

Almost 10 months later it's great to see native cover establishing on the embankment and it will be interesting to watch the natural succession occurring around the pond.  Specifically, I'm interested in what will survive the coming dry months of high summer.  There are some bare patches on the embankment so we thought we'd try some lavender plants to fill these spots.

The ground being compact and stony Malcolm used an iron pole to make holes and we planted the lavender into the holes with some potting mix (50% compost 50% sand).

Sowing for the Market Garden

This week we sowed beans, squash and sunflowers. We try many cultivars looking to discover those that are well suited to our gardens providing reliable yields and little disease/pest problems. These are some of best performing bean cultivars saved from last year. Thanks Alex for the photo.

 Photo by Alex Camilleri - Facebook and Instagram

For the seedling mix we use 50% sieved mature compost and 50% River Sand (granular sand)

Malcolm and Alex mix up the compost and sand and add water.  

The moist medium is then shoveled into the flats and patted down. The flats have 28 cells of 70 x 70 x 80 mm per cell. Approximately 6 L of medium is needed to fill each tray. 

The flats are great for sowing larger seeds that typically can be grown on to approx 10 -15 cm tall before planting out into permanent positions.

Labeling the seeds well at the sowing and planting stage is essential if you want to remember what cultivar is what. The squash and bean species/cultivars that we sowed into the flats are as follows:

The Forest Garden

We spent the end of the week tidying up the forest garden before the open day. The job entails weeding around the plants, topping up the mulch and mowing pathways around the garden. 

The annual task of topping up the mulch around the young fruit trees and removing the encroaching weeds.  

This 4m long section of a perennial polyculture bed includes Ribes rubrum cv. - Red currant  and  Ribes nigrum cv.- Blackcurrant  inter planted with  Allium cepa proliferum - Tree Onion and is flanked by a Cornus kousa - Korean Dogwood on either side. The Cornus kousa trees are still very young.

Sophie and Victoria clearing the weeds from a one of the swale plantings

Around the Garden 

Mid to late spring in the valley is probably my favourite time of year.  The landscape, a living slideshow, changes every 4 or 5 days with a new array of flowers as the surrounding greenery becomes more and more intense. 

 A climber climbing a climber,  Akebia quinata - Chocolate Vine grows up an 80 year old Vitis vinifera cv. - Grape in the home garden.

Akebia quinata - Chocolate Vine this time climbing a nitrogen fixing shrub Caragana arborescens - Siberian Pea Tree.  

More Akebia quinata - Chocolate Vine. I planted a 2 year old plant 3 years ago next to one of our rainwater catchment IBC's. The idea was to conceal the tank which hopefully it should achieve by the end of this year    

In the under story of a magnificent Cherry tree in the back garden, the ground layer planted out 3 years ago has established well. The main cover is Rubus caesius - Dewberry an excellent ground cover for deep to partial shade producing tasty purple fruits in mid - late summer. This has achieved almost 100% cover but does allow a range of bulbous plants such as Tulipa sp. and Narcissus poeticus  - Poet's Narcissus  to emerge in early to mid spring as seen in the photo below .

Late flowering Tulips in the ground layer under a cherry tree.

Open Day 

Thank you to everyone that visited us for the open day at the weekend.  It was a pleasure to meet you and to send our plants out to new happy homes all over the country.  Thanks Angela for the photo.

The visitors at the market garden - Photo by Angela Rice 

Upcoming Courses

Our next course is scheduled for October so if you would like to create a forest garden and gain some practical hands on experience do join us this Autumn. We'll be covering site surveying, landscape design software, installing access, beds, irrigation channels, planting tree, shrub, herb and ground layers and wildlife ponds. All in 3 days! And plenty of follow up material to take away with you to digest slowly.

Registration for our October course is now open with 15% discount on accommodation and food fees when you register as a group (2 or more).

We offer a diversity of plants and seeds for permaculture and forest gardens  including a range of fruit and nut cultivars. We Deliver all over Europe from Nov - March. Give a happy plant a happy home :) 

The Bionursery

 If you appreciate the work we are doing you can show your support in several ways.

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